Lupus the disease
Lupus is a disease that occurs when your body's immune system attacks your own tissues and organs (autoimmune disease). Inflammation caused by lupus can affect many different body systems — including your joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart and lungs.
What is the main cause of lupus?
Sunlight, stress, smoking, certain medicines, and viruses may trigger symptoms in people who are most likely to get lupus due to their genes. Hormones such as estrogen. Lupus is more common in women during their childbearing years when estrogen levels are highest. Problems with the immune system.
What happens if you get lupus?
Lupus can affect almost any organ in your body.
For example, one person with lupus may have swollen knees and fever. Another person may be tired all the time or have kidney trouble. Someone else may have rashes. Over time, new symptoms can develop or some symptoms may happen less often.
Is lupus a serious disease?
The seriousness of SLE can range from mild to life-threatening. The disease should be treated by a doctor or a team of doctors who specialize in care of SLE patients. People with lupus that get proper medical care, preventive care, and education can significantly improve function and quality of life.
Can you be treated for lupus?
Lupus is a chronic disease with no cure.
This means that you can manage it with treatment, but it will not go away. Treatment can help improve your symptoms, prevent flares, and prevent other health problems often caused by lupus. Your treatment will depend on your symptoms and needs.
How long do lupus patients live?
With close follow-up and treatment, 80-90% of people with lupus can expect to live a normal life span. It is true that medical science has not yet developed a method for curing lupus, and some people do die from the disease. However, for the majority of people living with the disease today, it will not be fatal.
What organ does lupus affect first?
Kidneys About one half of people with lupus experience kidney involvement, and the kidney has become the most extensively studied organ affected by lupus. Lungs About 50% of people with SLE will experience lung involvement during the course of their disease.
How do I know if I've got lupus?
Common signs and symptoms of lupus
Extreme fatigue (feeling tired all the time) Pain or swelling in the joints. Swelling in the hands, feet, or around the eyes. Headaches
What is lupus pain like?
The pain often moves from joint to joint. Joint pain, swelling and stiffness can be the main symptoms for some people with lupus. In most cases, lupus is unlikely to cause permanent damage or change the shape of joints. But it can sometimes cause serious joint problems.
The four different types of lupus
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) Systemic lupus is the most common form of lupus—it's what most people mean when they refer to “lupus.” Systemic lupus can be mild or severe.
Cutaneous lupus erythematosus. ...
Drug-induced lupus erythematosus. ...
What should a person with lupus avoid?
5 Things to Avoid if You Have Lupus
(1) Sunlight. People with lupus should avoid the sun, since sunlight can cause rashes and flares. ...
(2) Bactrim and Septra (sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim) Bactrim and Septra are antibiotics that contain sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim. ...
(3) Garlic. ...
(4) Alfalfa Sprouts. ...
Can you catch lupus from someone?
Lupus is not contagious, not even through sexual contact. You cannot "catch" lupus from someone or "give" lupus to someone. Lupus develops in response to a combination of factors both inside and outside the body, including hormones, genetics, and environment.
What is the final stage of lupus?
Lupus related end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is the most common complication of lupus nephritis (LN) . The estimated mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) related ESRD is four-fold higher than in SLE patients with LN alone , and twice higher than non-SLE ESRD patients [3, 4].
Can stress cause lupus?
Although doctors haven't proven that stress is a direct cause of lupus, it's known to trigger flare-ups in people who already have the disease. Stressful events that can make symptoms worse include: A death in the family.
What is life like for a person with lupus?
Having lupus can make everyday life challenging. When your lupus is active, symptoms like joint stiffness, pain, fatigue, confusion, or depression can make simple tasks difficult — and sometimes impossible. Since these symptoms aren't visible, the people around you may have trouble understanding how you feel.
Is lupus arthritis?
Lupus is not a form of arthritis, but it does include arthritis as one of the most common symptoms, so it is easy to see why some people think about it that way. It is very important not to make this mistake, because lupus is quite different than any other illness that causes arthritis.
Which joints hurt with lupus?
Lupus can also cause inflammation in the joints, which doctors call “inflammatory arthritis.” It can make your joints hurt and feel stiff, tender, warm, and swollen. Lupus arthritis most often affects joints that are farther from the middle of your body, like your fingers, wrists, elbows, knees, ankles, and toes.
Emotional Support Helpline